Appendix B

 

Configuring your PC software for TCP/IP

B.1 Introduction

The TCP/IP account is a versatile Internet connection. Once you are connected, your computer is sitting right on the Internet. In this case you are making connection to any other computer on the Internet directly, without VSNL being the intermediary. Hence there is much more flexibility about what you can do.

Of course the present lure for this connection is surfing the World Wide Web. You can see the sights, hear the sounds and even see the animation which someone might have put up on different Web pages. In some instances the information is primarily graphical in nature, and thus it is possible to see this information only through the TCP/IP connection.

At the present time, configuring the TCP/IP software is a bit complicated. We discuss configuring Chameleon suite for Window 3.x and enabling TCP/IP stack for Windows 95, to make connection to your TCP/IP account. This will permit you to surf and search the Web using hypertext links, and download graphical information.

B.2 Configuring TCP/IP for Windows 3.1 and 3.11

a. Installing Chameleon Version 4.5.1 for Windows 3.x for a TCP/IP access

This document describes all the steps required for configuring Chameleon Netmanage. The configurations which are not described can be left to the factory default values. So here we go:

New Installation: To start the product for the first time, start Windows in enhanced mode:

1. Insert the Internet Chameleon #1 diskette in the drive of your choice (a: in most of the cases)

2. Select the Run option under the File menu in Program Manager and type: a:\setup. Then choose the OK button.

3. At the prompts , insert the appropriate diskette and choose the continue button.

After the completion of installation, a new group is added to the program manager labeled 'Internet Chameleon'.

b. Configuring Internet Chameleon Version 4.5.1 for Windows 3.x

Defining a new Interface: Double click on Custom Configuration Menu to open configuration main menu.

1. Double Click on the Custom Connect icon the 'Internet Chameleon' group.

2. Choose the New command from the file menu in Custom to open a new configuration file.


3. Choose the add command from the interface menu. The add interface dialog box is displayed.

4. Select PPP and type a new interface name (for e.g. vsnl) of your choice (or use the default)

5. Choose the OK button and a new line entry will be added to the Custom window for this interface.

Completing Your Interface Configuration: From the main menu now select SETUP and then select CONFIGURATION. The following submenus will appear:

1. General settings

IP Address: VSNL provides dynamic assignment so choose DYNAMIC CONFIGURATION AND DHCP here.


Host Name: From Custom, select the Name Resolution tab from the configuration dialog box. In the host name text box, type the local
host name of your computer.

2. Communication Settings: Choose the Communication command from the Setup menu and select the options described as follows

In order to repeat the same configuration for multiple phone numbers select the 'Interface' Menu and choose 'Duplicate', give a unique name to this new profile. Now, all you need to do is modify the phone number from the 'Dial' Option of the 'Communication' Menu.

This ends the configuration for Netmanage. Now the user can choose the Connect option from custom menu to connect and log in to the local VSNL server.

To connect to vsnl and test your installation choose the connect from the menu bar at the top of the window. Netmanage should now dial out to vsnl and establish a connection in a custom terminal window. As soon as you get the 'Username:' prompt type your userid and press enter. When you are prompted for your password, enter your password press the enter key. Once you are logged in you will see a prompt which look something like 'giasxxxx>', type 'ppp' and press the enter key you will now get some junk characters in the window as soon as you do this. Click on the 'Done' button on the right corner of the terminal window. Now you have established a TCP/IP connection with vsnl.

To run any Internet software do not close the custom connect window, instead you could minimize the window and invoke whatever Internet software you wish to use (for e.g. Netscape 2.x Browser, Eudora Lite etc.).

Once you have decided to log off from the Internet close the Internet application you happen to be using and switch to the custom connect window. Select disconnect from the menu bar, this will hang up your telephone line and disconnect you from vsnl.

B.3 Configuring Windows 95 for your TCP/IP account

1) Get the Microsoft Plus CD and ready to install Plus.

2) Go to Start button and click, then go to "Run" and click on it.

3) Select "Browse" then select the CD-ROM drive as the option to run from.

4) Then select setup and click "OK" to run Plus.

5) Keep pressing next till you come to screen where you have two icons one, "Typical" and second one, "Custom". Select/click mouse on "Custom". If you select "Typical", you will install all the components of Plus, not just Internet part. We will assume that you will want to install the Internet part only.

6) Next screen gives you seven choices, out of which you deselect all except, "Internet Jump-start Kit" and "Dial-up Networking Server". Click on "Continue".

7) It will install the components in the background and at the end of it you will get, "Internet Setup Wizard". This will show you a window titled, "Welcome to Internet Setup".

8) Click on the "Next" button to proceed.

9) You will come to a window titled, "How to Connect". In this window you will have two options to select through radio buttons, 1) "Use The Microsoft Network", 2) "I already have an account with a different service provider". Since we connect via VSNL, select the second option. Click on "Next" button to proceed.

10) You will come to a window titled, "Internet Mail". In this window you will have to answer the question, "Do you want to use Microsoft Exchange to send and receive Internet mail?". You will have to select one of the two answers through radio buttons, 1) "Yes [recommended]", 2) "No". Since, Microsoft Exchange is somewhat complicated software to use, select "No". Eudora mailing software is better in my view, and it is discussed later in this appendix. Press, "Next" to continue. If while installing Window 95 all the files needed for Internet were not copied, you will be prompted by the "Setup Wizard" to put Windows 95 CD in the drive so it will do so now.

11) The next window, "Choose Modem" will come up and now, and if you have specified your modem before installing Internet, then this window will show you the modem which the Windows 95 is configured for. Otherwise, it will want to install the modem by selecting it or by allowing you to select it. To proceed further you need to press "Next".

12) The next window, "Service Provider Information". You are required to fill a name, you may type "VSNL" as the name of the Service Provider. Click, "Next".

13) You will come a window titled. "Phone Number". In the places provided, you will have to give the Phone number you will dial to connect up to VSNL's TCP/IP account. You will have to supply the country code. You may also give your city code too. Be very sure to check the box, "Bring up terminal window after dialing. After supplying the needed information, press, "Next" to proceed.

14) Next you will get a window, "User Name and Password". Supply your userid and password in the space provided. To proceed, click on, "Next".

15) The next window is titled, "IP Address". Here you will have to answer the question, "How do you obtain your Internet Protocol (IP) address?". If you dial-up TCP/IP account you will have to mark the radio button, "My Internet Service Provider automatically assigns me one". However if you have leased line, you will have to mark, "Always use the following". In this instance you will have to give the fixed IP address assigned to you. Now press, "Next" to go ahead.

16) You will come to the window, "DNS Server Address". Enter the Internet Protocol (IP) address of your DNS (Domain Name Server) server. You may also specify an alternate server to try if the main DNS server cannot be reached. Appendix C gives this information for different cities in India where currently VSNL is providing this service. For example for Mumbai, DNS Server is: 202.54.1.30 and Alternate DNS Server is: 202.54.1.18. After you have supplied this information, proceed by clicking on "Next".

17) Now you will come to the window, "Finished Setup!". Your Windows 95 is now configured for making TCP/IP connection to VSNL. End the procedure by pressing, "Finish".

B.4 Internet TCP/IP applications

TCP/IP is a versatile communication protocol. Once you are connected with TCP/IP, you are sitting right on the Internet. The resources for use of the Internet lie on your computer and not at the VSNL server, as was the case with the Terminal account.

For the TCP/IP account to be useful, you should have at least as many facilities as the Terminal account. They all will have to be installed as client applications on your computer. The following are some of the clients recommended to give you at least Terminal Account functionality:

e-mail client e.g. Eudora


Browser client e.g. Netscape Navigator and/or Internet Explorer
Ftp client e.g. either WS_FTP, Cute FTP.
Telnet client
IRC client e.g. an MIRC client
Finger client
Whois client
etc.

Here we will discuss installation of only e-mail and Browser clients, as these require a bit of configuration. You may download some other clients from http://www.shareware.com. Their installation is usually fairly simple.

a.Configuring Eudora Mailing application software for your TCP/IP account

This document explains how to configure EUDORA 1.5.4, which is a freeware mailing client for a TCP/IP as well as for Terminal accounts. It is available from Qualcomm Incorported's ftp site

http://www.eudora.com/eudoralight

Go to the subdirectory quest/eudora/windows/light and download the program file

eul301.exe

and the file which is a manual for the version before this eul3manl.pdf. This is manual for version Eudora Light version 3.01 in Adobe's pdf format.

When you click your mouse on it, it would install Eudora in c:\Eudora, the default directory.

Start up your Windows 3.x and from the file menu on the menubar choose run and go to the temporary directory and run setup. It will create a program group Eudora Light with one of the icons as Eudora. This completes the installation part.

Now clicking on the Eudora icon will start this program. However, you have to configure Eudora for your TCP/IP account before you can use it. After you start the program the first thing Eudora does is to give you
a Setting Window. On left hand side there will be some icons. Each of this icon is to be clicked and relative settings on right hand side are to be made. Please note that the following applies to your account in Mumbai, in other cities you will have to use appropriate IP address or your POP SMTP servers. They are given in Appendix A.

Getting started

1.POP account is to be put as "Username@202.54.1.18"

2.Real name is to be put as "Your personal name"

3.Connection method should be selected as "Winsock"

Personal Information

1.POP account is to be put as "Username@202.54.1.18"

2.Realname is to be put as "Your personal name"

3.Return address is to be put as "Username@giasbm01.vsnl.net.in"{or as your email address}

Hosts

1.POP account is to be put as "Username@202.54.1.18"

2.SMTP is to be put be as "202.54.1.18"

Checking mail

1.POP account is to be put as "Username@202.54.1.18"

2.Check for mail every "10" minutes in this instance Eudora will check for received message every 10 min when you are connected. Our suggestion is that you leave this "0" so that you can initiate the checking of mail by going to File menu and clicking on Check mail.

3. Select "Send on check"

4. Check the box for save password, which will save your password and you won't have to key it again and again every time you check your mail. However if you are in environment where several people are using your machine to access TCP/IP, better do not enable save password feature as you will not want others to look at your mail.

5) If you check the next item, "Leave the mail on the server", then even after downloading the mail the mail will be left in your account at VSNL. Again our suggestion is to leave this box unchecked so your mail box at VSNL remains uncluttered.

4.Select Authentication Style as "Passwords".


Sending mail

1.Return address is to be put as "Username@giasbm01.vsnl.net.in".

2. SMTP server is to be put as "202.54.1.18".

3. The next box labeled "Immediate Send" should be unchecked. This will permit you to compose and queue the mail you are sending off line. Then when you connect up, you can go to File menu and click on "Send Queued Messages". Otherwise if you keep this item checked. When you compose off line each time you finish the message and press "Send" button, it will attempt log on to your account by attempt to dial out.

Select rest of the options in the present table.


Attachments

1.Encoding method is to be selected as MIME Attachment directory can be put as you desire.

Fonts and display

Can be configured as you desire but for now leave it as it is.

General attention

Can be configured as you desire, for now leave it as it is.

Replying

Select "Include yourself".

Miscellaneous and Advanced networks

No changes have to be made for now.

Rest of the selection items on the left can be ignored now and when you become adept at Eudora you can make your choices then.

You may now use Eudora for your mail. You may send the mail and receive the mail using Eudora.
Note: In this document it was assumed that your account is with VSNL in Bombay. If you have account with some other ISP then changes in POP address and SMTP address have to be made accordingly.

b. Configuring email & newsgroup client in Netscape Navigator

We consider Nestscape’s latest Browser Netscape Communicator and see how we can configure as an email and newsgroup client. Start Netscape communicator. Go to

Edit->- Preferences.

A window opens up where on left hand side we have all the functions that can be configured. Click on

Mail & Groups

Let the first screen as it is.

Then click on Identity:

Then on right hand side file in your name and email address and other items which are applicable to you.

Leave the second item alone i.e. Messages leave it at default.

Then click on Mail Server:

On the right hand side fill in the information

Mail Server Username: rajm e.g.

Out Going Mail (SMTP) server: 202.54.1.18 e.g.

In coming Mail Server: giasbm01.vsnl.net.in e.g.

Then put a dot in the button named POP3

Check the box :leave the messages on the server after retrieval.

On this option there is a box on the lower right side which gives More Option to configure. Click on that and in the window that opens up leave everything as default except

Check the box: remember my mail password.

You can play around with configuring other options. But to being with the above ones will do. Now your Netscape Communicator is ready to operate as an email.

Then click on the left on Groups Server:

On the right hand side fill in the information:

Discussion Groups (news server): 202.54.1.25

Fill in port: 119

Other items leave at default.

This completes the configuration of Netscape 4.0 Navigator or Communicator as email client.

c.Configuring Netscape dialer for your TCP/IP account

The Netscape dialer is available in the compressed form in three zip files. The name of the files are Kit16ex1.zip,Kit16ex2.zip,Kit16ex3.zip.

At your DOS prompt create a directory with name nettmp and copy all these three files in this directory.

Unzip all the three files, using pkunzip.exe.

You will get one file named "setup.exe " in your directory.

Open windows. In file menu select "Run".

Execute the file "c:\nettmp\setup.exe."

You will get Welcome Window.

Press next.

Setup type window will appear .

Select "Typical".

Press next.

You will get "Choose destination directory location".

Select directory "c:\netscape".

Press next. Setup will continue.

You will get "Install Wizard Complete" window.

Press finish. This will complete your installation part .

In "Netscape Personal Edition" window, double click on Account

Setup Wizard.

Press next.

You will get "Register Window".

Select "I have already service provider".

Press next.

You will be asked the name of dialer icon. Put any name, which you desire and press next.

You don't have to do anything in the present window .Press next.

Again you don't have to do any thing on present window.

Press next.

Put your full-name and company name.

Press next.

Put login name and password.

Select "I need tty window".

Press next.

Put your email login and password. These are same as your login name and password as given by service provider.

Press next.

Put area code and telephone number.

Press next.

Put

Press next.

Put POP Server as 202.54.1.18 o SMTP Server as 202.54.1.18

Press next .

You don't have to do any thing in present window.

Press next .

Select the modem you are using and press next.

Select the port where your modem is connected.

This will finish your setup.

You will find an icon in "Netscape Personal Edition "window with the name you specified during configuring the dialer icon's name.

Double click this icon.

Click on properties and cross-check the settings .


After that return to dialer window and press dial.

Your Username and Password will be verified and your connection will be established .

Enjoy and explore the fun of tcp-ip connection.

B.5 Suggestions for TCP/IP applications and download sites

Unlike shell or Terminal account where all the software and resources for the Internet are provided for by VSNL, for TCP/IP account once connect to Internet through VSNL, they only provide you with the bandwidth. All other hardware and software do anything has to be your own. Once you have fast enough processor (say pentium), large enough memory (about 16 MB RAM), large enough hard disk (say about 1 GB) and fast enough modem (28.8Kbps) then all you need is software on your computer explore the Internet. Following are suggestions for some of the software that you may want and where to get them free from the Internet. We include suggestions for both Windows and Mac based platforms.

I) For Windows following are the client applications you may want to have:

a) Browsers: Presently there are two main browsers to consider—Netscape Navigator and Microsoft’s Internet Explorer. Both of them are good and each of them have their own following. Take your pick or have both.

Client Software :Netscape Navigator ver. 3.0
site
http://www.netscape.com

Client Software: Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.02
site
http://www.microsoft.com

b) e-mail programs: Many programs are available. But most popular seems to be Eudora. Eudoralight is a freeware.

Client Softeare: Eudoralight 3.0.1 for Windows
site:
http://www.eudora.com/eudoralight

c) Newsreader for Usenet: Newsgroups are now available at VSNL at nnttp server 202.54.1.25. Again there are many newsreaders one of popular ones is Free Agent again a freeware:

Client Software: Free Agent V1.11
site:
http://www.forteinc.com/forte/

d) File Transfer Protocol (FTP): One of the popular client for FTP is WS_FTP. The name of the file is ws_ftp.zip. This is also a freeware:

Client Software: Ws_ftp.zip
site:
ftp://ftp.simtel.net
site:
ftp://ftp.cdrom.com

f) Gopher software: Gopher is generally not a popular service on the Internet but has lot of information pre WWW era. One client software WSGopher is quite an adequate one:

Client Software: WSGopher v1.1
site:
ftp://ftp.simtel.net
site:
ftp://ftp.cdrom.com

g) Inter Relay Chat (IRC): There are two popular freeware clients for this service of Internet: mIRC and WSIRC.

Client Software: mIRC ver5.02
Client Software: WSIRC ver2.0

site:
ftp://ftp.simtel.net
site:
ftp://ftp.cdrom.com

h) Telnet Software: Ewan is a good freeware for Telnet client.

Client Software: ewan1052.zip
site:
ftp://ftp.simtel.net
site:
ftp://ftp.cdrom.com

Important Note: To obtain most of freeware and shareware we very strongly recommend you point your browser to either of the following two sites:

http://www.shareware.com
http://www.download.com

Advantage in doing so is that when you search and find the software at either of these sites, then just click on the search results and it will take you to listing of download sites. Once you are there you can click on file and it will come to your computer. Where as, if you go to the sites mentioned above you will have to maneuver to the folder to download the software.

II). For Macintosh users following are the client applications you may want to have:

a) Browsers: Presently there are two main browsers to consider—Netscape Navigator and Microsoft’s Internet Explorer. Both of them are good and each of them have their own following. Take your pick or have both.

Client Software :Netscape Navigator
site
http://www.netscape.com

Client Software: Microsoft Internet Explorer
site
http://www.microsoft.com

b) e-mail programs: Many programs are available. But most popular seems to be Eudora. Eudoralight is a freeware.

Client Softeare: Eudoralight 3.1 for Macintosh
site:
http://www.eudora.com/eudoralight

c) Newsreader for Usenet: Newsgroups are now available at VSNL at nnttp server 202.54.1.25. Again there are many newsreaders one of popular ones is Newswatcher again a freeware:

Client Software: newswatcher2.0.sit.hqz.gz
site:
ftp://src.doc.ic.ac.uk/packages/mac-umich/util/comm/usenet/

d) File Transfer Protocol (FTP): One of the popular client for FTP is Fetch. This is also a freeware:

Client Software: fetch-3.0.3.sit.hqx
site:
http://www.shareware.com

On the above site search for fetch for Macintosh platform. You will get a long list of items and one of them will be the above mentioned program.

e) Gopher software: Gopher is generally not a popular service on the Internet but has lot of information pre WWW era. One client software Turbogopher is quite an adequate one:

Client Software: TurboGopher2.0.3.sea
site:
gopher://boombox.micro.umn.edu:70/hh/gopher/Macintosh-TurboGopher

f) Inter Relay Chat (IRC): There are two popular freeware clients for this service of Internet: mIRCle and WSIRC.

Client Software: mIRCle
Client Software: WSIRC 0
site:
ftp://src.doc.ic.ac.uk/computing/comms/irc/clients/macintosh/

g) Telnet Software: NCSA Telnet is a good freeware for Telnet client.

Client Software: NCSA Telnet
site:
ftp://micros.hensa.ac.uk/micros/mac/finder/j/j164/j164ncsa.hqx

Important Note: Please note that the author is not familiar with Mac platform. He has surfed the net to get these suggestions for the client software. If you use any of these clients, your feedback to the author will be much appreciated.